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What Is the Metallic Ion in the Compound Basic Copper Chloride?

August 21, 2019 by shida wei  

The compound Basic Copper Chloride (WSDTY) is also known as copper chloride. It contains the metallic copper ion and chloride, the chlorine ion. The copper ion has a positive charge of two, whereas the chlorine ion has a negative charge of one. Because the copper ion has a charge of positive two, copper chloride requires two chlorine ions in order to cancel out the net charge. Copper ions typically occur in two different states. The first ion has a charge of positive one and is called the cuprous ion. The second ion has a charge of positive two and is called the cupric ion. The cupric ion, present in copper chloride, is the more stable of the two ions. It tends to have a blue color when dissolved in water.

The reactions between copper and nitric acid are examples of oxidation-reduction reactions, where gaining electrons reduce one element and losing them oxidizes the other. Nitric acid is not only a strong acid, but it is an oxidizing agent. Therefore, it can oxidize copper to Cu+2. If you plan to experiment with these reactions, it is important to remember that they release toxic, noxious fumes.

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