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Periodontal diseases: Maintenance and Treatment Procedure

September 18, 2019 by brianahallisay  

Periodontal or gum disease is a pathological inflammation of the gums and supporting periodontal tissues. In advanced stages of periodontal diseases like periodontitis, the gums and bone that support the teeth become seriously damaged.


There are two main types of periodontal diseases namely, periodontitis and gingivitis. The disease can affect anyone from young to adult to elderly people. When the periodontal disease affects the gums and supporting tissues, it is termed as periodontitis. The condition occurs when large spaces called pockets are formed between the gums and teeth. If left untreated may become chronic and can lead to advanced stages of periodontal destruction. Such diseases generally occur either due to unhealthy oral hygiene or genetic predisposition.

If you are facing such issues, you must look for a Periodontist as soon as possible. One way is to browse ‘Periodontal Gum care near me’ and the search engine will help you with the results of all the Periodontist near your area. This way you can schedule a consultation and visit them individually to determine the one you might need.

Factors affecting the Periodontal Diseases:

The rate of periodontal disease depends upon individual characteristics and oral hygiene. Researchers suggest that many environmental and genetic factors influence the general susceptibility of the disease. There is also a possibility that periodontal disease in certain individuals can occur due to compromised immune systems and diseases like diabetes, HIV, and Down syndrome. Ergo it is important that one must pay attention and opt for periodontal maintenance. 

Causes of Periodontal diseases:

Plaque is the principal cause of periodontal diseases. The risk factors that are associated with dental diseases include unhealthy hygiene and lifestyle changes. Other factors that cause gum diseases like periodontitis and gingivitis include;

  • Hormonal changes such as during pregnancy, puberty, and menopause make gums more sensitive.
  • Certain ailments and illnesses can affect the gums and teeth such as diabetes, Down syndrome, blood sugar, and so forth.
  • There are certain medications that might lead to periodontal diseases like periodontitis. Medicinal drugs like anticonvulsant medication can affect gum tissues leading to dental disorders.
  • Habits like smoking and alcohol can lead to tooth decay and supporting gum tissue erosion.
  • Poor oral hygiene is the leading cause of dental issues like periodontitis or gingivitis. Not brushing or flossing regularly can lead to plaque and eventually to periodontal diseases.
  • A family history of dental disease is another contributing factor that leads to periodontal diseases.

Periodontal Treatment:

The treatment begins with a dental exam and diagnosis by the Periodontist. The dentist may check for gum bleeding, teeth movement, sensitivity, bone breakdown, and so forth.

The goal of periodontal treatment is to restore a healthy smile and reattach healthy gums to the teeth. The treatment depends upon the stage and severity of the issues. Options range from non-invasive non-surgical therapies to surgery to restore gum tissues.

It is the responsibility of the Periodontist to ensure that periodontal treatment and maintenance provide plaque and calculus eviction. Careful professional cleaning and scaling are needed to ensure that plaque and tartar are removed for good. While a professional teeth cleanings is important, it is also significant to pay attention to effective routine oral hygiene.

If you are looking for periodontal disease treatment in Houston, you must check Urbn Dental. We are one of the leading dental clinics of the nation that live to serve our clients of all ages. For more information visit our website.

Article Source: https://urbndental.wordpress.com/2019/09/18/periodontal-diseases-maintenance-and-treatment-procedure/