November 20, 2019 by J Wu
If you want to talk about the most prominent part of the tattoo, face tattoo is definitely doing NO.1.
Facial tattoos and even has fast become a rapper's standard, such as a regular on the music charts Post Malone.
Wiz Khalifa tattooed his son's nickname [BASH] on his forehead.
Lil Skies tattooed a big eight Chinese characters on his face ——“创意天才，冷漠的心”（Creative genius, Indifferent heart）
In fact, the face tattoo history is not these rappers take the lead on.
In the ethnic minorities of China, the Li Women who in Hainan Island Five Fingers most special traditions are: When the girl in 18-year-old, they will going to be tattooed by the tribe’s highly respected old man. The purpose is to protect the girl would not be looted, in their eyes, the more lines the more complex, people prettier.
First soot pot with a bamboo stick dipped in eyebrows, surrounded nose, cheek and mouth of a good pattern shape description. Then asked people a hand-held bamboo Kushiro, a hand shot hit the needle bar along with the lines assassination.
Each of the assassinations of a needle is about to wipe the blood, the sweat immediately before putting the ash, over 3-5 days wound off the brake, the flesh showing blue mark, can afford to become a never scrub the surface pattern. Face tattoo is a very painful thing, because of the face blood vessels, nerves rich.
Li’s ancestors worship snake totem, they like tattooed Snake pattern on their bodies, but the woman's face tattoos also reflect the hierarchical relationship of wealth and rank, Face tattoo is a decorative status of women.
Li tattoo is called "Dunhuang frescoes on the human body." Tattoos for Li people have a special meaning, according to Li old saying, if the girl without a tattoo, death is not there to report to the ancestors
The Cognac people from Myanmar-Indian border is the world's last batch of tattoo Headhunter. Cognac man is ferocious savage tribes, fighting against the expansion of land between the village and to determine strength.
The tribe about 230,000 people, was once makes people feared, capture enemy's head is considered to be a young boy's rite of passage ceremony, after the success can be winning a symbolize facial tattoo.
Tribe old man has been printed with facial tattoos is the last generation. Today, because of its rich and delicate face and body tattoo culture and famous.
Headhunting and tattoos and Cognac in the Cultural closely linked, but with the arrival of Christianity in 1940 to 70 years, these practices gradually reduced. The remaining soldiers and their wives are the last evidence of this tattoo art
This heritage is captured by a tribe of girls Phejin Konyak, she is the headhunting warrior Ahon Konyak’s great-granddaughter. She said that by the 1970s, these two approaches are in fact abolished, as a member of the tribe, she spent nearly four years documented the disappearance of tribal culture, to trace her through her records tribal tattoo culture predecessors footsteps.
Not just the head, the tribe often the enemy of the feet, hands as trophies, hanging in the largest trees in the village, or the construction of a sacred altar for them.
Phejin Konyak and photographer Peter Bos aware of this tradition are rapidly disappearing, so they set off in between the villages, tribal record oral tradition, the collection of personal stories, to study various tattoo designs and their meanings.
Their first independently funded travel so that they came to the village in remote corners of the India-Burma border. Since most villages have no road connections, they took a backpacking trek led by the local villagers in the forest leeches raging over and then the information gathering for nearly two years.
The man’s tattoo covers up a darker truth: They used to be awful headhunter, their facial mark symbolizes their enemies beheaded memorial.
The traditional tattoo technique is piercing the skin with a sharp cane sap and hand-coloring.
"My hand, back of the hand, forearm and has a tattoo on the navel. Each of which represents the Cognac patterns and patterns, tattoos and headhunting tradition for me it means my ancestor's way of life.
Chin State in Myanmar's northwestern mountains is "Chin" minority of residence, the ancient culture Chin tribal women with a traditional face tattoo.
Face tattoos ancient culture because of the government ban and values modernization, along with the older woman's face grain passing into history. Western influence values of the young girl do not wish to accept the face tattoo.
The old woman has become the last generation face tattoo women, with their gradual death, Tattoos culture will come to pass.
Their face tattoo not to dress, but is used to mask the beauty. It is said that in ancient times, the tribal king of Burma travel in Chin, was astounding by Chin girl's beautiful, then kidnapped a girl and incorporate it into wives. Since then, tribal elders ordered the girls in the village must have face tattoos, less attractive to protect themselves.
Another meaning Tattoos are related to religion. In the British colonial period, many tribes have accepted the missionary Christian faith, some residents remember Chin was teaching by a local priest, only women have face tattoos can come to heaven after death.
They tattooed use natural material removal. After the smoke out some kind of bean leaf juice with hot burning pine, adding coal ash disinfection, to prevent infection, it can make from natural pigments. They take the plant stem as needles, picks up the pigment to the method of stab hand surface little by little to complete the pattern. Later, they will then apply to the face tender grass shoots to help the skin heal.
Of course, face tattoo brought tourists. There are thousands of tourists every year come to the foot of the village of Mrauk U, tribal enrollment one day guided tour. These tourists a short stay in the tribe, listening to the old woman's oral history, watch them playing traditional musical instruments
Elderly face tattooed women are pleased to welcome tourists to visit. Tourists not only bring revenue in remote villages but also changed the perception of young people in their village. Originally, the younger generation influenced by modern aesthetics considered face tattoo outdated and ugly, until you see the foreign photographers, reporters and scholars Tattoos praise and appreciation, it looks at home in favor of accepting the elderly.
The village's aunt very confidently says that they have the world's cultural heritage, proud of the surface of the traditional tribal pattern.
Today, face tattoo culture is gradually disappearing in the process of walking, cultural preservation does not mean it's worthless.
Collide with each other in a multicultural environment, respect for and protection of the different national cultures should be our proper attitude.
The new tattoo art, so that young people face tattoo in another way this culture will continue down.
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